The Filipino alphabet, otherwise known as the Modern Filipino alphabet, is the alphabet used in the Filipino language of the Philippines today. Filipino is the national language of the Philippines and is based on the Tagalog language.
The Filipino alphabet has 28 letters. It replaced the Tagalog abakada, which only had 20 letters. In this new Philippine alphabet, new letters were introduced, including c, f, j, ñ, ng, v, x, and z.
These new letters embody the goal of the Filipino language to be more inclusive of other native Philippine languages, whose sounds were not represented in the Tagalog abakada. These additions also make the modernization of the Filipino language faster and easier, particularly when borrowing words from the English, Spanish, and other international languages.
Evolution of the Filipino Alphabet
Pre-Hispanic Era: Before 1500s
Before the Spaniards colonized the Philippines, the natives already had a writing system called Baybayin.
Spanish Colonial Era: 1500s to 1898
During the Spanish colonization, Filipinos adopted the Spanish alphabet.
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